DHT11 Digital Temperature and Humidity Sensor

£ 2.50

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Here we have a DHT11 Temperature and Humidity Sensor featuring a calibrated digital signal output with the temperature AND humidity sensor complex.

A high-performance 8-bit microcontroller should be connected in order to get the most out of the sensor.

The DHT11's small size, low power, and array of features make it perfect for a variety of applications.

  • long-term stability
  • Reliability
  • premium quality
  • fast response times
  • anti-interference
  • high cost vs performance advantages.
  • Relative humidity and temperature measurement
  • The single-wire serial interface system
  • signal transmission distance up to 20 meters
  • extremely accurate humidity calibration chamber.

DHT11 Digital Temperature and Humidity Sensor

A high-performance 8-bit microcontroller should be connected in order to get the most out of the sensor.

  • DHT11 Sensor
  • 1 x 5k Resistor
  • Arduino
  • Jumper Wire

Typically you may want to wire your DHT11 as below.

image

A sketch shows how the library can be used to read the sensor:



// 
//   FILE:  dht11_test1.pde
// PURPOSE: DHT11 library test sketch for Arduino
//

//Celsius to Fahrenheit conversion
double Fahrenheit(double celsius)
{
	return 1.8 * celsius + 32;
}

// fast integer version with rounding
//int Celcius2Fahrenheit(int celcius)
//{
//  return (celsius * 18 + 5)/10 + 32;
//}


//Celsius to Kelvin conversion
double Kelvin(double celsius)
{
	return celsius + 273.15;
}

// dewPoint function NOAA
// reference (1) : http://wahiduddin.net/calc/density_algorithms.htm
// reference (2) : http://www.colorado.edu/geography/weather_station/Geog_site/about.htm
//
double dewPoint(double celsius, double humidity)
{
	// (1) Saturation Vapor Pressure = ESGG(T)
	double RATIO = 373.15 / (273.15 + celsius);
	double RHS = -7.90298 * (RATIO - 1);
	RHS += 5.02808 * log10(RATIO);
	RHS += -1.3816e-7 * (pow(10, (11.344 * (1 - 1/RATIO ))) - 1) ;
	RHS += 8.1328e-3 * (pow(10, (-3.49149 * (RATIO - 1))) - 1) ;
	RHS += log10(1013.246);

        // factor -3 is to adjust units - Vapor Pressure SVP * humidity
	double VP = pow(10, RHS - 3) * humidity;

        // (2) DEWPOINT = F(Vapor Pressure)
	double T = log(VP/0.61078);   // temp var
	return (241.88 * T) / (17.558 - T);
}

// delta max = 0.6544 wrt dewPoint()
// 6.9 x faster than dewPoint()
// reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dew_point
double dewPointFast(double celsius, double humidity)
{
	double a = 17.271;
	double b = 237.7;
	double temp = (a * celsius) / (b + celsius) + log(humidity*0.01);
	double Td = (b * temp) / (a - temp);
	return Td;
}


#include 

dht11 DHT11;

#define DHT11PIN 2

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println("DHT11 TEST PROGRAM ");
  Serial.print("LIBRARY VERSION: ");
  Serial.println(DHT11LIB_VERSION);
  Serial.println();
}

void loop()
{
  Serial.println("\n");

  int chk = DHT11.read(DHT11PIN);

  Serial.print("Read sensor: ");
  switch (chk)
  {
    case DHTLIB_OK: 
		Serial.println("OK"); 
		break;
    case DHTLIB_ERROR_CHECKSUM: 
		Serial.println("Checksum error"); 
		break;
    case DHTLIB_ERROR_TIMEOUT: 
		Serial.println("Time out error"); 
		break;
    default: 
		Serial.println("Unknown error"); 
		break;
  }

  Serial.print("Humidity (%): ");
  Serial.println((float)DHT11.humidity, 2);

  Serial.print("Temperature (°C): ");
  Serial.println((float)DHT11.temperature, 2);

  Serial.print("Temperature (°F): ");
  Serial.println(Fahrenheit(DHT11.temperature), 2);

  Serial.print("Temperature (°K): ");
  Serial.println(Kelvin(DHT11.temperature), 2);

  Serial.print("Dew Point (°C): ");
  Serial.println(dewPoint(DHT11.temperature, DHT11.humidity));

  Serial.print("Dew PointFast (°C): ");
  Serial.println(dewPointFast(DHT11.temperature, DHT11.humidity));

  delay(2000);
}
//
// END OF FILE
//

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